Navaratri 2021 is a Festival of Hinduism A celebration that spans nine nights (and ten days) held every autumn. There are four distinct seasons of Navaratri. It is observed for different reasons and celebrated differently in different parts of India. However, in practice, Sharada Navaratri, the autumn festival celebrating the divine feminine Devi (Durga), is the one most commonly observed. In Gregorian calendar terms, the festival can be found in the bright half of Ashvin, which falls between September and October.
It celebrates the victory of good over evil that took place during the battle between Durga and Mahishasura. Durga and her eight avatars – called Navadurga – are the sole focus during these nine days. Goddesses take the form of different incarnations each day.
First Day – Shailaputri
The first day is also known as Pratipada (the first day of the month) after Shailaputri (“Daughter of Mountain”), an incarnation of Parvati. It is in this form that Durga is worshipped as Shiva’s wife; she is shown riding Nandi the bull, holding a trishula in one hand and a lotus in the other. Mahakali is thought of as being directly incarnated in Shrilaputri. Today’s color is grey, which symbolizes energy and action. Her name is Hemavati as well. She is also considered to be the reincarnation of Sati.
Second day – Brahmacharini
The second incarnation of Parvati, Goddess Brahmacharini, is worshiped on Dwitiya (second day). As a result, Parvati became Yogini, the unmarried version of herself. In Hindu traditions, Brahmacharini is worshipped for her ability to emancipate the individual and grant salvation. With bare feet and holding a kamandala (pot) and a Japa mala (rosary), she symbolizes bliss and calm. This day’s color is blue. In some cultures, the color orange symbolizes tranquility, yet powerful energies are everywhere.
Third day – Chandraghanta
Tritiya (third day) honors the worship of Chandraghanta as Parvati adorned her forehead with the Ardha Chandra (lit. half-moon) after marrying Shiva. Symbolic of beauty and courage, she embodies both. Third-day white is a refreshing shade that can make anyone’s day.
Third day – Kushmanda
Chaturthi (fourth day) is the day when Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped. The god Kushmanda is associated with the endowment of vegetation on earth. He is associated with the color red, which is the color of the day. The picture shows her on a Tiger with eight arms.
Fifth day – Skandamata
It is her mother, Skanda (or Kartikeya), that is worshiped on Panchami (fifth day). When a mother faces danger, the color Royal Blue symbolizes her transforming strength. Having four arms, she rides a ferocious lion while holding her child.
Sixth day – Katyayani
Born to the sage Katyayana, the yellow-colored Durga is symbolized by courage and is believed to have been born of the sage Katyayana. A violent form of Devi, she is known as the warrior goddess or marauder. The avatar of Katyayani shows her riding a lion and having four hands. Mahalakshmi, Mahasaraswati and Parvati are her forms. Shashti (sixth day) is the day on which she is celebrated.
Seventh day – Kaalaratri
Kalaratri is revered on Saptami because it is considered to be the most fierce version of Goddess Durga. Sumbha and Nisumbha are believed to have been killed by Parvati by removing her fair skin. Today’s color is green. Generally, she wears a tiger skin outfit and has fiery red eyes with black skin as she rages. Associated with prayer, the red color of the Goddess assures devotees they will be protected by her. The seventh day is Saptami (her birthday).
The eighth day – Mahagauri
Symbolically, Mahagauri represents peace and intelligence. When Kaalaratri bathed in the Ganges river, it is believed her darker complexion became very fair. Peacock Green, which represents optimism, is the color associated with this day. On Ashtami (the eighth day), she is celebrated.
Ninth day – Siddhidatri
It is also known as Navami (ninth day) and it is the last day of the festival. Siddhidhatri is worshiped on the ninth day. The lotus-seated goddess is said to have all kinds of Siddhis because she is sitting on a lotus. Her hands are shown here. It symbolizes an appreciation for nature and is also known as Mahalakshmi. Parvati’s wife is Siddhidatri, also known as the Goddess of Mercy. Ardhanarishvara is also known as Siddhidhatri. The goddess Siddhidatri is said to be attached to Lord Shiva’s body on one side. He, therefore, goes by the name Ardhanarishwara. Shiva acquired all his siddhis by worshipping this goddess, according to Vedic scripture.
Throughout the colonial period, both indentured servants and immigration by individuals who were settled in different mines and plantations around the world retained their Navaratri traditions. Hindu temples built by Tamils in Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand, for example, have been a feature of South East Asia for a long time, and Navaratri has been one of their major festivals. From the mid-20th century onward, Navaratri and Diwali have been one of the most visible celebrations of local Hindu communities in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Fiji, Mauritius, Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom.
I wish you success in all your endeavors with the blessings of Maa Durga. I hope you and your family have a wonderful Navratri.